Pratibha Ray
September 1, 1995

About the Author

Pratibha Ray, formerly a Professor in Education and former Member of the Odisha Public Service Commission, is one of the leading fiction writers in India writing in her mother tongue Odia. She has several novels, travelogues, short stories, poetry and essay collections to her credit. She is the recipient of the Jnanpith Award for her contribution to Indian literature, the Moorti Devi Award, the Sahitya Akademi Award and the Padma Shri given by the Government of India.
Monalisa Jena was born in Odisha. She is the author of many books in various genres, including two collections of short stories, three books of poems and several volumes of translations
Other Works By Pratibha Ray
Citadel of Love

Yajnaseni: The Story of Draupadi by Pratibha Ray

Translated from Odia by Pradip Bhattacharya

Like many Indian households I grew up on a staple diet of mythological stories from Ramayana and Mahabharata. With the stories narrated and watched on screen- Draupadi, Yajnaseni , Panchali or Krishnaa – no matter what you called her, Draupadi’s story right from her birth to swayamvara to a woman scorned and her role in the war of Kurukshetra remains imprinted.

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Yajnaseni – The Story of Draupadi by Pratibha Ray translated from Odia by Pradip Bhattacharya humanizes Draupadi. While several retellings,  like The Palace of Illusions, have Draupadi as a strong woman, here we have her dilemmas and journeys detailed out with a focus on her relationship with her sakha Krishna. In this retelling, as a woman in a patriarchal world, we see her abiding by the many restrictions that society imposes on her. 


Starting off as a letter to Krishna, Draupadi looks back at her life on the verge of her death.  Her birth was marked by a prophecy, she was born from the holy sacrificial fire – yajna and hence named Yajnaseni to avenge her father Drupad’s insult by Drona.  “From the sacred flames of the sacrificial fire a radiant son, my brother Dhrishtadyumna, was born and from the sacrificial altar I was born, like a blue lotus-coloured gem- Yajnaseni!” . At her birth, there appeared a prophecy that she was born to preserve Dharma on earth. 

A Life in Roles and Relationships

Draupadi plays many roles – a daughter, daughter-in-law, and a wife of five husbands yet craving for Phalguni’s (Arjun) love and presence. While she is charmed by Krishna and his aura, Draupadi unconditionally loves Arjun, an ill-fated love marred by many troubles. 

Her polyandry is scoffed at by other men, and Draupadi is ridiculed at many stages even with the awareness of how she came to have five husbands. With Krishna she forms a friendship, him acting as her guide, philosopher and the one she turns to at troubled times. There is a mystery surrounding Krishna and she is fascinated by him possibly seeing him as a potential partner but Krishna redirects her affections to Arjun. She seems to be fascinated by Karna at times but loathes him under other circumstances. At certain junctures, she regrets rejecting him owing to his uncertain paternity but his constant insults irk her. 

Draupdi’s life is full of constant struggles living in the forest, her cheerharan, trying to keep her mother-in-law Kunti happy and the many personal losses she faces in the war. The Battle of Kurukshetra brings about much sorrow to both ends in fighting the war but ultimately the upholding of Dharma

In Yajnaseni, we walk through this dance of her relationships – with her friends, her lovers, and with society – and how the three to play and interact with each other. 

Draupadi craves love and attention from Arjuna but is disappointed each time. Kunti’s actions have a lasting impact on Draupadi’s future- her marriage and relationship with Karna focus which made her appear weaker.  The women bound by society’s rules and restrictions are rendered powerless. We learn of Draupadi’s thoughts throughout and for the most part, she craves the companionship of Arjun. At each stage, Draupadi sacrifices her happiness for her familial roles and towards the end, I felt she regretted the time and people she lost along the way.  

The author mentions that she took certain liberties though the story is majorly based on Ved Vyas’s Mahabharat. She has also depended on Oriya Mahabharat of Sarala Das.  Unlike the Draupadi I  perceived, the author has painted a picture of “a woman living a predicament-ridden life”. This aspect, unfortunately, failed to work for me, as did the melodramatic element of the retelling which can get exhausting at times.  The translation was crisp, and it did read seamlessly. However, I would have enjoyed a more condensed work in terms of story.

Best Quotes

“Full of anguish and anger I was thinking: was woman merely man’s movable or immovable property? Being a woman did I not have the right even over myself, my own soul? If they had rights over this body of mine, did it mean they could do as they wished with me?”

“Death is more generous than life. Death is more composed. Those who were enemies yesterday, today their death drenches the heart with tender compassion. Those who were wicked, lustful, sinful till yesterday were made composed, steady and unperturbed by death today.”

Swathi VK

Swathi VK

Swathi is a software engineer with a keen interest in reading and gardening. Her main area of interest is reading Indian literature and discovering them from the shelves of her favorite second hand bookstore. She hopes to one day have a nice library with a collection of books.

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