Milind Bokil
Harper Perennial India
January 15, 2019
Final Verdict

About the Author

Milind Bokil is a Marathi writer and sociologist. He was part of the Sampoorna Kranti movement led by Jayprakash Narayan in the 1970s and since then has been associated with various civil society organizations. A quest for meaning and direction in life is a consistent underlying theme in his writing. He explores the nuances of social relationships and human emotions with a natural flair in his books. He writes both fiction and non-fiction and has more than a dozen books (short stories, novels, travelogues and sociological studies) to his credit, some of which are Zen Garden, Ekam, Ran Durga and Samudra, Samudraparche Samaj . He has received several awards including the Best Literature Award by the Maharashtra Foundation. A Marathi movie based on his novel Shala bagged the National Award in 2012 apart from 40 other national and international prizes.

Shala by Milind Bokil

“Those were the best days of my life . . .”

Whenever Bryan Adams strums his guitar to this song, chances are we think of those innocent times of our lives –  our school days. And in particular, it is high school (roughly Grades 9 to 12) that holds a special place in our hearts, including mine. Those are, after all, the formative years, filled with adolescent experiences, escapades and discoveries. And this is one of the reasons why Shala by Milind Bokil appeals so much to its readers.

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Shala (the word can be translated to English as School) is the story of 14-year-old Mukund Joshi, who is in class 9 and newly in love. The novel is set during the years of the Emergency and subtly presents a period of change in society as well as in our protagonist. The novel is narrated from Joshi’s point of view (everyone will relate to using last names to address your friends) who lives his momentous year in school with the reader, as he studies, learns, teases girls, falls in love, gets punished and witnesses the changing society and the world around him.   

Puppy love

The focus of the text is on the sweet musings of first love, with all its relatable innocence. He falls in love with Shirodkar (whose first name, again, we are never given) but falling in love is easier than expressing it. He knows that talking to a girl in class will end in ragging since girls and boys did not mingle in those days.

The only time when the two can talk is when the class plays Dumbcharades. Joshi knows this is the one time he can impress his lady love.

Theirs is a love that blossoms in snatched conversations to and fro tuition classes, during meetings in the temple when they cannot talk because Shirodkar has brought her sister there and, one time, at her house when she invites him and introduces him to her family. The pangs of this love are far removed from the world of today where the only problem is that talking is too easy, and Bokil has done a wonderful job of portraying those long-lost days and times. 

Joshi’s world. And country

But the novel is not just about Joshi and his love. It is populated by various characters that we all have met in our lives –  albeit with different names. The gang of friends Joshi hangs out with, his parents, the teachers who bore him, who entertain him, whose classes he hates and loves and finally the one figure that has impressed him a lot in his formative years – his Naru Mama. Behind this deceptively simple storyline and straightforward characters, though, lies hidden something deeper and more far-fetched. 

Adulting is hard

For Shala is as much a portrait of the adolescence of a boy as much of the adolescence of a free country –  a time of great change for both of them and in this bildungsroman, in this coming of age story, not everything is dreamy and sweet. The background is that of Emergency and though for the boys at school, it hardly means anything apart from more lectures on discipline by Appa, the school their principal, and more songs singing the praises of discipline and the country,  its effect looms somewhat in the background in the form of characters who are arrested and deported for raising anti-emergency slogans.

Reading Shala reminded me at times of reading Swami and Friends, but this is not the innocent world of Malgudi. This is the world of teenage boys, high on hormones and without the knowledge of how to handle them. It’s the age of sexual changes and puberty and the boys seem clueless as to what is happening to them. It’s a world where innocence has now started receding and worldliness has started to set in. Phawdya, then, has to help his mother at the vegetable shop while Chitre has to survive with constantly bickering parents and a nanny who is always on the brink of sexually harassing him. Then there is also an attempted suicide over a failed love affair – sordid details that strip off the veneer of innocence from a teenager’s life.

The prose is highly descriptive and filled with a local flavour in the language of the characters. The language as well as the setting have been efficiently presented by translator Vikrant Pande. Bokil also gives us the portrait of life in a chawl, where people meet every evening to play chess, badminton and cards and gossip after a long day. But everything is on its way to change – including the somewhat idyllic school life of Joshi. By the time the novel ends, television has entered his chawl and put an end to all the get-togethers in the evenings, two people he admired from his neighbourhood have been arrested, his favourite teacher has been thrown out and even the patch of paddy fields he so loved are being changed into a chawl. Mukund knows that :

“School days were over. All that remained was a dreadful year called Class Ten.”

He is all set to leave behind the world of childhood, and with a loss of everything he held dear, he is now to enter the world of adulthood, symbolic of the changes that are due to come in the country and society as it, too, is on the threshold to saying goodbye to a relaxed era and to a community-driven way of life. 

Stumbling along

I found the novel a tad too long at 370 pages. I felt that a narrative around 50 pages less would have been tighter as some of the escapades of the protagonist and his friends could have been done away with. I had also expected the Emergency background to play a bigger role in the text than it did. In fact, the text would work more or less the same way even if the emergency was removed from the context. Also, I wished there was some scope for a female point of view in this all-male text as I would have loved to get some idea of what the girls felt. 

Favourite Quote: 

I was jealous of Phawdya. And angry at my parents! Why couldn’t they own a shop like this? Any shop for that matter: vegetables, stationery, Kirana, cosmetics or whatever! Even a shop selling Pooja items would do. I could sit at the counter the whole day and give  away the entire shop for free to Shirodkar whenever she visited us.

Final Verdict:

Overall, an entertaining and enjoyable read that has been translated wonderfully. This is a book which is local in its time and setting, yet global in its themes and characters.  

Recommended for:

Anyone who loves a good book, who is looking for a nostalgic trip down the road, who loves reading books about children and adolescents, YA fiction, and for lovers of writers like R K Narayan and Ruskin Bond. For all those who love watching Rockford.


Shala has also been adapted into a Marathi movie by the same name and a Hindi movie by the name ‘Humne Jeena Seekh Liya’. 

Sneha Pathak

Sneha Pathak

Sneha Pathak loves reading over everything else and has a degree in English Literature. She loves discovering new authors and new books. Her favourite genre is mystery/detective fiction, but she reads all genres with equal gusto and enjoys writing about them. When not reading, she can be found book-browsing.

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